The significance of the Holocene human skeleton Song Keplek 5 in the history of human colonization of Java: a comprehensive morphological and morphometric study
My research is focused on a morphological and morphometric study of the Song Keplek burial 5 (Java, Indonesia). This study includes a complete morphological description of the whole Song Keplek 5 skeleton and morphometric (uni-, bi- and multi-variate) analyses of its shape and size affinities. The biological assessment includes estimations of age at death, sex, height and weight, as well as any indicators of pathology or health conditions. Cultural reconstruction focuses on alimentary behaviors, para-masticatory modifications and funerary practices. Where relevant, comparisons were also made with ethnographic records from recent Indonesian and especially Javanese populations. Interpretations of the biological and cultural distances (affinities and difference) are based comparisons with series of past and recent specimens from Java and surrounding areas. This work also includes an investigation of new chronological data obtained for Song Keplek 5 which are discussed in combinations with our original results for their implications for the human migration history of Java. The conclusions of this study, suggesting a “multiple migrations” hypothesis, are significant for the so-called ethnogenesis of Javanese people in particular, and Indonesians in general.
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